Suprematism is an art movement, focused on basic geometric forms, such as circles, squares, lines, and rectangles, painted in a limited range of colors.
Began approximately: 1915
Artists: Kazimir Malevich, El Lissitzky, Lyubov Popova.
Suprematism. Kazimir Malevich was a Russian modernist painter and theorist who founded Suprematism. Along with his painting Black Square, his mature works feature simple geometric shapes on blank backgrounds. Ilya Chashnik was a Suprematist artist, a pupil of Kazimir Malevich and a founding member of the UNOVIS school.
The UNOVIS group was formed as an association of students of Kazimir Malevich at the Vitebsk Art School (1919-1921), where he has replaced Chagall as its head. In this Art School, it has quickly become evident that he intended to introduce a new type of art education, in which all forms of art are developed on the basis of Suprematism and are integrated into a universal system. He received the full support of Vera Ermolaeva, who was the rector and has, in fact, invited him to that School, and El Lissitzky, who also taught there; as well as that of his pupil Ilya Chashnik, who accompanied him from Moscow.
In August 1920 the UNOVIS group included 36 members: Avidon, Baitin, Belostotskaya, Bernstein, Chashnik, Chervinko, Fradkin, Gavris, Grigorovich, Ermolaeva, Ivanova, Khidekel, Khirutskaya, Kogan, Korsakov, Kliatskina, Kunin, Lissitsky, Magaril, Malevich, Miturich, G.Noskov, M.Noskov, V.Noskov, Rubin, Sifman, Strzheminsky, Suetin, Tsiperson, Vexler, Volkonsky, Yudin, Zeitlin, Zevin, Zeldin, Zuperman.
Malevich, Kogan, Lissitsky and Ermolaeva taught according to Malevich’s ne system. From 1921, the senior graduates of the Institute were also given teaching positions as assistants: Chashnik, Gavris, Khidekel, Noskov, Suetin, Yudin.